These statements were taken from a journal article and I would like to learn why they are so, from the chemistry perspective.
Heres the article for those who requested for it: Lindahl, T. (1993). Instability and decay of the primary structure of DNA. nature, 362(6422), 709.
Why are base-sugar bonds of ribonucleosides much less susceptible to hydrolysis than those of deoxyribonucleosides?
Why is the de-purination rate of guanine faster than that of adenine, and both are faster than that of pyrimidines.
“The chemical price paid for the greatly increased resistance of the nucleic acid phosphodiester bond, gained by the removal of 2’ hydroxyl group, is a labile N-glycosyl bond.” Why is this so?
“Cytosine and 5-methylcytosine are main targets for hydrolytic de-amination. 5-methylcytosine moieties are de-aminated 5 times more rapidly than cytosines.” Why?